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The Standish of DuxburY Muniments in the LRO (DP397)

Purchased 28 July 1965 from the Portobello Bookshop, London


This file is restricted completely to documents in the Catalogue DP397 at the Lancashire Record Office, as typed by an anonymous archivist some time after the purchase in London in 1965, with a few additional comments added by hand by an anonymous reader.- Helen Moorwood.



(see DX/850-1201 for the later succession of the estate)

[added by hand] (see also DDSc 139/1 and DDRf/11)







Accounts & Receipts




Adlington (inc. Duxbury & Clitheroe)









Bretherton, see 10




Charity papers


1655, 1657



Clitheroe, see 2.








Duxbury (inc. Adlington & Chorley)




Culcheth Enclosure




Hapton (inc. Adlington & Chorley)




Heapey (inc. Anglezarke)




Heath Charnock (inc. Heapey)














1526, 17th c.






Other Counties










bef. 1540-1704






Settlements, etc.


c. 1229-1759


Standish (added by hand: see DDSc 139/1)












Holcroft documents




Johnstone papers & other letters




see Lancashire & Cheshire Antiquarian Notes, editor Josiah Rose, 1879-1801, Vol. II, page 152, item 284.


List of abstracts of documents in DP397


The following list differs from the Catalogue in the L.R.O. in that all documents are listed below in chronological order (rather than by thematic section as above), with a cut off date of 1693 (the death of Sir Richard Standish of Duxbury, Bart.). The logic behind this date is that after his lifetime nothing else of relevance for Captain Myles Standish or his son Alexander of Duxbury, Massachusetts happened in the family papers – Helen Moorwood.

Bill Walker has examined all later documents whilst researching and writing Duxbury in Decline and his story of Duxbury, Lancashire and the various Lords of the Manor of Duxbury from 1756 onwards can be accepted as pretty definitive, also for several years before this.

For Duxbury ‘cousins’ I have placed an asterisk under the document number and underlined all mentions of Duxburys of Duxbury. These are unfortunately few and far between, because these are the Standish of Duxbury papers. The Duxburys of Duxbury presumably took theirs with them when they departed from Duxbury (Old) Hall in 1524 and they have since disappeared. There are far more in the Standish of Standish papers, mainly concerning the sale of all the lands in Duxbury.


We should be grateful to the anonymous archivist at the Lancashire Record Office who produced this catalogue post-1965; I have copied this version as faithfully as possible, and included the odd correction by another anonymous reader who obviously took a look at a few documents and added his/her version of the deciphering of names. Pretty well all documents until the middle of the 15th century were in mediaeval abbreviated Latin, when they then started to appear in English, but you need to be a dab hand to decipher some of the words and names, whether in Latin or English. All documents referenced below can be viewed at or ordered from the L,R.O., by giving the DP397 number of the document and paying up for copies.  I hope that some one else might follow up documents in my footsteps, but in case no one does, my version of the story of the Duxburys of Duxbury and the Standishes of Duxbury remains as pretty solid, based mainly on the originals of documents abstracted below and those abstracted by the usual litany of antiquarians in Lancashire and North Cheshire: Dodsworth, Towneley, Dugdale and Kuerden in the 17th century, Ormerod, Baines, Piccope, Croston, Abram, Earwaker  and Farrer in the 19th century, and Rev. Porteus for all the local Standish details in the first half of the 20th century. I salute them all, but none more than the producer of the abstracts below.

Any comments by me are in brackets and italics– Helen Moorwood.




DP 397/6/1






Grant:   Richard of Chernoc to Adam of Dokisbury – piece of his land in Chorley, within these bounds beginning where the ditch falls from the clough of Rinward into the Yarue, so ascending the same ditch as far as the high road leading from Chorlee at Dokisbury, following that road south as far as the Yarue, following the Yarue descending to a place where the said ditch falls into the Yarue, with all privileges within the township of Chorlee – with quittance of pannage for his own pigs in woods of Chorley and quittance of pasture for sheep and cattle, and reservation of grantor’s sparrowhawks, bees, mills, parks, assarts. Rent: 2d yearly at assumption of B.V.M.

Witness: Warin of Waleton, Ralph of Stanedis, Henry of Longetre, William of Wrsington (Worthington?), John of Coppul, Hugh Gogart, Richard of Adelinton,Roger of Wrkidlee, Herbert the clerk, etc.  n.d.   c. 1220.






Quitclaim:   for 80 marks of silver:   Simon of Grubbehevit to Robert, Lord of Latham – all rights in lands in Rabi, Childewelle, Anleesharke, Witn:- Sir Benedict, prior of Burghettude, Sir John of Mara, Simon of Halsale, Henry of Waleton, Walter of Scharisbrec, Thomas Bussell, Richard and Adam, brothers, of Knuslee, Henry, clerk of Torboc, Henry, lord of Torbock, Roger of Hurelton, Adam, lord of Bikerstac, Henry of Stanidis, etc.  c. 1229-1235.





13th c,


Grant:   Henry of Bebinton to Adam, son of Adam of Anlasarche – piece of land in Anlasarche: concerning Ridleboyim, within these bounds: from the spring south of the aforesaid piece and thence following the Kar as far as the spring north of that piece and here following the Stanclif as far as the aforesaid spring in the south, with reasonable egress and access, and another piece of land within these bounds: from the spring of the chapel following the ditches surrounding that piece as far as the aforesaid spring of the chapel, with buildings and reasonable egress and access, with common of pasture etc. in wood, plain, waters, ways and paths, free of all custom, with free pannage for pigs. Annual rent: 14 d. at St. Bartholomew’s. Reserved: outlays, mines, wastage of present and future assart.

Witness: William of Anderton, William of Wirynton; Hugh Gogard, Henry of Aschoc, William of Anderton, Adam of Dokysbury, etc.




c. 1290


Quitclclaim:   Elena, once wife of Thomas of Withul (Whittle) to William of Withul, her son – all right to lands in dower in Withil – William has given her for life the house and curtilage which Adam the Sponer once held and will pay her 5s 6d. of silver yearly for life. Witns:- Warin of Clayon, John of Farington, Richard the Smith of Withul,  Robert, son of Roger, John of the Banlee, Henry, son of William, etc. c. 1290.




c. 1300


Grant:   William, son of Thomas of Quitil (Whittle) to Jordan, son of William of Dutton, clerk, and Emma, his daughter – 10 ac. of land in Quitil, viz. in the Tounfield, beginning from East going West till 10 ac. are fully covered and 1 messuage called the Orcheyard which Symon, his brother once held for a term with adjacent meadow, and moiety of his waste in Quitil; also homage etc and 6d. annual rent of Henry the Croucher, and 6d. annual rent of Alice of the Crok. Rent:   3d yearly. Witn:- Adam of Hocton, Robert of Eukston, William of Anderton, Jordan of Standis, Waring of Ton, Henry of Quallay, John of the Bonke, etc.  c. 1300.





c. 1300


Grant:   Henry son of Henry of Dokesburye to Hugh of Stanedissh – Plot of meadow in D., namely that which Ralph, s. of Juliana, held of him at will annually and plot of moor, scrub and waste lying between Syokeffeld and the Bothounes, surrounded by wells and ditches; also mess. and plot of land called the Bothounes, with homage etc. of William Spylok, with 2 parts of common wood of D. and 2 parts  of river called Yharowe which Margery, daughter of Hugh de Morle(gh?) held for life, which should revert to Henry, to Hugh in remainder, (mill reserved to Henry). Witness:   William of Bradshagh, Matthew of Haydok, Henry of Chernok, William of Worthington, John of Copphul, Hugh of Haywood, clerk.                                              n.d.    but c. 1300.

(This was when Hugh de Standish first put his foot through the door in Duxbury. The land described is obviously that around the mill in the North of Duxbury, and there is no hint here that Henry de Duxbury gave it to him in compensation for paying his fine after the Banastre Rebellion. This was a straightforward grant of land and Henry kept the mill for himself.)







Lease for life:   John, son of Hugh le Mikillwrigh’ and Margery his wife to Hugh of Standissh – all lands and tenements of John and Margery Dokesbury and Adlengton – for life of John, annual rent of 6s silver reversion to John and Margery with compensation to lessee for expenses in building.Given at Dokesbury. Sun. next after Nativity of St. John Baptist, 12 Edw. II   1 Jul. 1319.

(It is not obvious who John and Margery Duxbury were, but given that they also had lands in Adlington, they must have been of Siward’s family and if Hugh le Mikillwrigh’ was the miller, then Hugh de Standish was presumably just trying to enlarge his property. I assume the building that had been going on was either to make a larger house for himself, or to build the Pele tower, from which his manor house would later take its name – the Scots were starting to maraud again as far south as Chorley.)






Grant:   John of Eukeston, chaplain, to William the Tournourrusmogh of Chorleghe – 1 burgage with buildings and all other lands, held of gift of William in Chorley – Rent:  1 rose yearly at feast of St. John Baptist to William for life, then to Richard of Standisshe and Clemency his wife, reversion to Hugh, John, William, lawful sons of Richard and Clemency, then to right heirs of Richard, Clemency, then to right heirs of Richard. Witness:   William of Farinton, John of Standissh, William of Worthinton, William of Chernoke, John of Coppehul, William the clerk, etc. At Chorlegh, Sun. All Souls, 22 Edw. III   2 Nov. 1348.

(A daughter of Richard and Clemency de Standish was Agatha, who married Henry son of Adam de Duxbuy in c. 1350, from whom all later Duxburys in Duxbury are descended.)







List of names of 24 jurors between Robert of Burgh and Hugh of Standyssh regarding tenements in Dokesbury and Chorley.   n.d.  but c. 1350.

(Robert of Burgh took his name from Burgh in Duxbury, a third of which later went to Standish of Standish on a Standish-Burgh marriage.)






Writ to Sheriff: Robert of Langshagh and John, son of Margaret Bushell v. Hugh, son of William Banastre of the More of Bretherton, Richard, son of Hugh of Standisshe, Simon of Longtre, John of Longtre and Richard of Horscar – novel diseisin of free tenement in Bretherton and Croston twice since the King went to Gascony – Witness:- Henry of Walton, Archdeacon of Richmond.At Lancaster, 10 Jan. 4 of our duchy.                                                                                                        1354/5.

(The only free tenement in Bretherton and Croston was the Isle of Man, the only estate to straddle the border of both [then as now]. The appearance of the names Bushell, Banastre, Standish and Longtre makes it almost certain that this was part of the inheritance of Warin de Busli [Bushell] after the Norman Conquest, some of whose lands went to Banastre when they arrived from Wales and some of which went to two granddaughters who married a Standish and a Langtree [Longtre]. The “Victoria County History” and Porteus’s “History of the Parish of Standish” tell the story of the Standish and Langtree inheritance. If we are to believe Myles Standish’s 1656 will that “the Ile of man” tagged on at the end of his list of lands was inherited from his Standish of Standish great-grandfather, then at some point part ownership of this “free tenement” must have reverted to Standish of Standish, for them to be able to grant it again to a later younger son. Certainly it does not appear again in the Standish of Duxbury Muniments. The Richard, son of Hugh de Standish, is the same one as above, married to Clemency and father-in-law of Henry de Duxbury, who was  lord of one or two thirds of the Manor of Duxbury. Richard’s grandson Christopher married Margaret Fleming, daughter of Sir Thomas Fleming, Lord of the Manor of Croston.)






Quitclaim:   Anabilla, daughter of Henry del Carre to Hugh son of Richard of Standish – annual rent of 13 1/2d. of silver from lands in Adelynton & Dokesbury for life. Witness: Henry of Standish; Richard of Longtree; William of Anderton; Thomas of Eccleston; Henry of Ines, etc. At Doksesbury, Monday before Feast of St. Clement, Pope./                                                  21 Nov. 1356.

(By this time the Standishes of Duxbury had made more inroads into the territory of the Duxbury family in neighbouring Adlington, although there is no hint that this was taken from the Duxburys.)






Grant:   Adam, son of Richard, son of Robert, son of Roger of Withull in the Wodes to Sir Adam of Hoghton, kt. – messuage called Croucherishous with 3 roods of land adjacent in Farley in Wythull in the Wodes, and 2 ac. and 1 rood adjacent in the high field in Copston furlong, given him by Agnes daughter of Robert son of Roger of Wythull. Witn: William of Farington,, John son of Adam of Clayton, Henry of Charnoc, Adam of Adlington, John of Brerworth, etc.Wed. Easter week, 35 Edw. III  31 Mar. 1361.

(This is the first de Hoghton to appear, to be followed by several others, particularly after several Hoghton-Standish marriages.)







Indenture pursuant to bond:   Richard son of Hugh of Dokesbury to Hugh son of Richard of Standish and Edmund of Prestecote, (both bound to Richard in 80 marks of silver) – Hugh and Edmund to guarantee to Richard the marriage of Gilbert, son of Richard of Longtre, against the lords of Leylandshire, namely Sir Nicholas of Haryngton, Dame Alice of Shyreburne, John of Arderin and Sir William of Ferrieris, and against the executors of the said Sir William and acquit Richard against the above-mentioned lords of all costs etc., if they do not. At Standish, Sudnay before feast of Ascension, 48 Edw. II 7 May 1374.

(Richard son of Hugh de Duxbury should probably be Richard de Standish de Duxbury, but by this time the Standishes were very close to taking over the whole Lordship of Duxbury Manor [the latest was 1381-84, as referenced by Farrer.] “John de Arderin” is interesting, because he was a younger son of Arderne of Cheshire, later knight, who owned lands in Heath Charnock, Lower Darwen, and Staffordshire. He had four daughters, one of whom married Hugh de Duxbury, who I strongly suspect was a son of Thomas Duxbury the Mayor of Wigan at the end of the 14th century, but the proof is, alas, not there. Porteus, 1933 gives transctiptions of several documents naming Thomas the Mayor. )






Receipt:   for £22. 6s. 8d. Sir William of Huntelowe, parson of the church of Croston to Sir Thomas of Chorley, parson of the church of Birnehull (Brindle), William of Chorley and Hugh of Standish - £20 to be paid at Easter next, and 3 marks, 6s.8d. at Pentecost next, at Croston, in part payment of the 144 marks of the farm of the church of Croston.Given at Croston, Sat. 4th week of Lent, 5 Ric. II  22 Mar. 1382/3







Bond: (i) John of Radclyf of Ordesale (ii) Hugh of Standissh (iii) Henry of Trafford – (a) John to Hugh in 500 marks and (b) in £500, both recognizances in statute merchant, and (c) Hugh to John likewise, in £500, on condition that if divorce or separation occur between John, son and heir apparent of John of Radclyf, and Clemence, daughter of Hugh, Hugh shall surrender recognizance (b) to John, the father, and John and Hugh shall appear at next Lancaster Sessions. Henry to keep recognizances safe till then and to guarantee performance. Note at foot: Hugh is also bound in recognizance (d) in £500 to give up recognizance (a) to John in case of divorce at suit of Clemence.Tuesday before Inv. Holy Cross 10 Ric. II 30 Apr. 1387.





c. 1390


Bond:   William of Chorley, collector of the Greenwax for Lancashire, to Robert of Standissh, sheriff of Lancashire – to pay arrears of the 2 summons to 2 sessions.   c. 1390.






Writ to Sheriff:   Elena, wife of John Walssh v. Gilbert, son of Richard of Longtre, Henry of Standissh, Gilbert of Standish, parson of Standish Church, Ralph of Standissh, sen., Adam Cutte, Robert, son of Edmund of Standish, Ralph of Standissh, jun., Hugh of Ines, Ralph, son of Henry of Pynyngton, John Wennc, Thomas of the Mire and John the Smith, chaplain – novel disseisin of common of pasture in Standissh – At Lancaster, 1 Mar. 2nd yr. our regality of co. palatine. 1400/1.






Grant:   John of Stanley, kt. to Edward of Lathome, sen. – all messuages, lands etc. called Anlazeargh and all commons etc. – as John of Stanley held by feoffment of William of Fulthorp kt., on condition of paying 1000 marks at feast of St. Alban next. Witness: Richard of Hoghton, John of Bolde, Henry of Torbok, John of Dalton, kts. John of Coppull, Hugh of Standisshe, Ralph of Standisshe, Gilbert of Langtre, Thurstan of Anderton, etc.Feast of St. Aldelm, 7 Hen. IV  23 May 1406.

(This Sir John Stanley was the one who founded the family fortunes by his prowess at tournaments and marrying a Lathom heiress. His descendants became Earls of Derby, and their story is in all standard Derby literature. Several of his family appear again later.)






Grant:   Edward of Lathome, sen. To Matthew of Lytherland, parson of the church of Astebury co. Chester, Thomas of Chernok, parson of the church of Walay and Thomas More of Lyverpole – property as 3/2 Witness: as 3/2. Feast of St. Petronilla, Virgin, 7 Hen. IV  31 May 1406.






Writ of replevin:   Robert Lawrence, sheriff of Lancashire, to Richard of Balshagh, a bailiff of Leylondshire, John of Standish, Porcivell of Standissh, Richard of Lancaster, Ewan of Wales – beasts and cattle of Hugh of Standissh, stolen by Johanna, wife of Edward of Prestcote and James of Prestcote. 3 Jul. 11 Hen. IV   1410.







Bond:   in 40 marks:   William Grygory and Henry Notha of co. Lanc. Esq. to Ralph Standysshe, esq. – 23 May 1 Hen VI to pay at Michaelmas next.  1423.







Receipt:   for £35. Thomas of Urswyk, esq., Nicholas of Haryngton, esq. and Richard of Shireburne, esq. to Thomas Trigg of Chorlegh, Cristofer of Standissh, John Bochar of Chorlegh and John of Wroo of Chorlegh. 20 Mar. 3 Henr. VI  1424/5.







Writ to Sheriff:   James Shagh v. Geoffrey Wasteley of Salford, Thomas Wastely of Moston, Hugh Wastely of Salford, all yeomen, Oliver Wastely of Chorley, husb., Thomas Wasteley of Duxbury, yeo., son of Nicholas Wasteley, Robert Grene of Duxbury, Peter Standisshe of Duxbury, ‘laborers’, and Hugh Haydoke of Coppull, husb. – breaking into close of James Shagh and cutting down trees, etc. 20 Jul. 8 Hen. VI  1430.







Grant:   Edmund of Wastley to Alan of Standish and William Wodward – all messuages, lands and tenements which Henry of Bradshaigh held of him in Chorley for a term of years – Witness:   Henry Chernock, James of Chernock, Richard Banastre, James of Standish and Henry Bradshaigh, etc. 1 Sep. 12 Hen. VI   1433.







Lease for lives:   John, son of Adam son of John of the Felde, to Robert of the Grene and Alice, his wife and Richard, their son – all his messuages, etc. in Qwelton (Wheelton) between land of Richard the Hayward and land of Richard of Hoghton and land of ….. waste of Cerlaghside as is contained by hedges and ditches, with pasture for all his animals, marl, clay and fuel to burn, with free entry and egress. Witn:- Richard of Standissh, William of Frangton (Farington?), Adam of Claiton, Adam of Andirton, Robert of Kendale, etc. (rubbed in places) Mon. bef. Nat. 12 Edw. III   21 Dec. 1338.







Grant:   Nicholas del Croke to Alexander Wastley – messuage, lands etc., of gift of Edmund of Wastley in Chorley, as in a previous grant – Witness:   James Standish of Dokesbury, Gilbert Trigge, Robert of Worthington, etc. 12 Oct. 18 Hen. VI 1439.







Bond:   in £20:   Thomas, son of Hugh of Hyndelegh, John of Bradshagh of Hagh and Christofor of Pemberton to James, son of Christofer of Standissh – Thomas to serve the King and James aforesaid as an archer with 2 archers ‘reasonable drayet’ in France from the 1st day of muster next for 1/2 year. Obligation void in case of death or sickness. Monday after Feast of Corpus Christi, 12 Hen. VI  31 May 1434.

(This James son of Christopher was the one who presented St Laurence’s skull to St Laurence’s, Chorley, brought back by his brother Sir Rowland from Normandy before he was killed at Gerberoi in 1434. This document and the next two are the only evidence that James might also have served as a soldier. Whether he did or not, he survived, and was the father of another soldier, Sir Christopher.)







Bond:   in 100 marks of silver: Alexander of Clayton and John of Clayton of Quhytehill to James of Standyssh of Dokysbury – Alisander to be ready at 1st day of muster with an ‘abull man of armes araiet as falles for men of armes and vi abull archers sufficiantly araide and iche archer xxxii aroos and some of home duggbyll hedyt’ and to follow his master privet of ye saide Jamys in ye fourine as hit was mention in ye grete endentures made bytwene ye Erle of Mortayn and ye saide Jamys.’ Feast of St. Chad, bishop, 14 Hen. VI   2 Mar. 1435/6.







Acknowledgement of debt:   James Standish and Henry Asshton, esquires, to the Duke and Earl of Somerset and Kendall, lieutenant and captain-general of the Kingdom of France for the King and others – 600 saluts of gold for the purchase of the expences (?)  of William of Farley.        3 Sep. 1443. The salut was a coin issued by Henry V and VI for circulation in their French dominions. This document, which is extremely hard to read, is dated soon after the Duke’s being created Duke on the 28 Aug. and then crossing to France, from which he was to return in 1444 in disgrace.








Grant:   Thomas of Brodehirst to Elizabeth recently wife of John Stanley, kt. – messuage called le Bergh in Anlazargh, with reversion of all lands which Margaret, mother of Thomas, holds as dowry in Anlazargh. Witness: Hugh of Adington, Uchtred of Dokesbury, Richard of Bulhalgh, etc. At Anlasargh, 12 May 23 Hen. VI 1445.

(It is interesting that Anglezarke was used as early as this as a dower house for Stanley widows, because Countess Alice, widow of Ferdinando, 5th Earl of Derby, was installed in Anglezarke by Alexander Standish of Duxbury (1570/11622).)







Quitclaim:   as 3/4.






Letter of attorney:   Elizabeth, wife of John Stanley, kt., to William of Maudesley – to receive seisin in property as 3/4 and 3/5. States that Margaret is widow of Richard of Brodehirst. 14 May 23 Hen. VI   1445.







Attestation:   Peres Gerrard, kt., - that he had spoken to Sir Edward Grey, now Lord Ferrers of Groby, for James Standysshe, esq., concerning his term of years in the manor of Chorley of which 6 or 7 are yet to come, as granted by the late Lord Ferrers, and asked that he would grant him a lew lease thereafter. 6 Feb. 24 Hen. VI     (English)   1445/6.







Bond:   in 20 marks:   William Law, late of Hepay, to James Standish of Dokysbury – William to be ruled by James Standish and take no wife unless James Standish assents to it. 3 Mar. 38 Hen. VI  1459/60.







Bond:   in £200:   William Bradshaigh and James his son and Thomas Caterall to James Standish and Cristofor his son – William Bradshaigh, James Bradshaigh and Elizabeth, daughter of William Bradshaigh to perform award of Thomas, Lord Stanley, concerning all actions ‘variance of mariage’, ‘hevenes’ and debates except an obligation of James Standish for Robert Bold to William Bradshaigh which is put to the ‘dome’ of William of Radcliff esq. between William Bradshaigh, James Bradshaigh, Elizabeth Bradshaigh, James Standish and Cristofer Standish his son.   Award to be given before ‘logh Monday’ next. 21 Feb.  6 Edw. IV  1466.

(This was presumably in preparation for the marriage of Christopher to Elizabeth Bradshagh of Haigh near Wigan.)






Receipt:   for 20s of silver: William Benet, executor of will of Thomas Benet, his father to James Standish – payment of sum awarded to Thomas Benet by Ralph Chernocke and Thomas Standissh, in arbitration between Thomas Benet and James and Hugh Standissh. Feast of St. Martin in Winter, 6 Edw. IV 11 Nov. 1466.







Letter of attorney:   John Ireland, clerk, rector of North Meles to Thomas Standysshe and Richard Forthe – to deliver seisin for all messuages, lands etc, which he held with William Mawdlesley, chaplain, decd. of gift of Edmund Wastley, in Chorley and elsewhere in co. Lancs, to Geoffrey Wastley. Last day Oct. 7 Edw. IV   1467.







Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                   5 Nov. 1489.






Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                16 Jan. 1491/2.






Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                      1 Dec 1492.

(I have not read any of these – couldn’t even begin to decipher them! – but given that they were so soon after Myles’s birth, they might turn up a few members of his family.)







Lease for 2 years at 37s. yearly:   Sir Cristofer Standyssh, kt. to Sir Alisondur Standyss, kt. – garden with court at the manor of Stanyssh with parcels of lands called ‘the greignz’, ‘the Galts medow’, ‘the Hegh feld’. 14 Apr. 1493.

(Sir Christopher already owned the Bradley estate, straddling the borders of Standish, Worthington and Langtree, so this was perhaps just an extension of this.)







Letter of Attorney:   Thomas Pole, kt. and Thomas Pole, jun. esq. and Ranulph to Thomas Dokesbury – to take possession from Cristofer Standisshe, kt. of manors etc. in Dokesbury, Heapey, Worthyngton, Langtre, Hethechernok, Chorley, Wygan, Hyndley and Crosseby.  16 Nov. 1493.







Settlement:   Sir Cristofor Standish, kt. and Sir Thomas Pole, kt., Thomas Pole, jun. Esq. and Ranulph Pole – property as 3 (21.2?) Sir Thomas Pole, Thomas Pole, jun. and Ranulph Pole trustees for use of Alice, wife of Sir Cristofor Standish, till son and heir Thomas is 21;  Alice to have for life mess. and lands called Bradley in Worthyngton and Longtre and mess. with lands called Healey Clyffe in Hethechernok, her jointure, and also 1/3 of residue lands of all the properties abovementioned; then all to Thomas in tail remainder to James, Hugh, Alexandre, Rowland, sons of Sir Cristofor Standish. Alice to have wardship and marriage of Thomas and to have issues and profits of it toward marriage of Anne and Mawde, daughters of Sir Cristofor Standish. Supervisors:- Lord Straunge, Maistre Sir Edward Stanley, kt., Maistre Jamys Stanley, Warden of Manchester.  

20 Nov. 1493.







Inquisition post mortem:    Christopher Standissh, kt. at Warington, before George Stanley, kt. Lord Strange, Andrew Dymok, John . . ., John Hawardyne, William Thorneburgh, James Molyneux, clerk and Henry Salo (sic) – moiety of manor of Hepay, 8 messuages, 200 ac. land, 100 ac. pasture, 20 ac. meadow, 4 ac. wood, 300 ac. moor and turbary in Hepay, held by Knight service of the King and his duchy of Lancaster as 1/6th of a Knight’s fee, worth annually in all issues, above reprise 100s. – Christopher Standissh died 12 Sep. 11 Hen. VII 1495; next heir is Thomas Standish, aged 10 years. 20 Oct. 12 Hen VII  1496.

(Thomas was actually older than and another parallel document awards him 15 years.)






Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                 8 Mar. 1502/3.






Grant:   Geoffrey Wastley, son and heir of Alexander Wastley to Alexander Radclif of Ordishall, Thomas Standisshe, esq. and Robert Radclif, chaplain – messuages etc. in Chorley and elsewhere in co. Lancs -Attorney:   Thomas Aghton,   Witness:   Richard Pylkyngton, William Radclif, Ralph Byrom, John Balshagh, John Walby, Adam Holland. 24 May  16 Hen. VII 1501.







Grant:   Alexander Radclyff of Ordishall, Thomas Standysshe, esq. and Robert Radclyff, chaplain, to Geoffrey Wastley, son and heir of Alexander Wastley – property as 6/ 7 – to Geoffrey Wastley for life, remainder to Thomas Wastley, son and heir of Geoffrey Wastley, and his heirs in tail. 10 June  16 Hen. VII   1501.







Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                       30 Jul 1505.






Grant:   Thomas Aghton of Adlyngton, gent. to James Standysshe, son of Christofer Standysshe, kt. and Robert Swannese, sen. – his principal messuage in Adlyngton, and messuage in Clydraw, now in tenure of Edward Hayhurst, to sole use of Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Aghton, for life. 3 Nov. 21 Hen. VII    1505.







Bargain and sale:   for £87:   Thomas Standisshe of Dowkesbury, esq., to Myles Gerrard, gent. And Sir John Cutte, kt.* - manor of the ‘pele of Dowkesbury’ with all appurtenances etc. which Thomas Standisshe, or any other persons to his use or to the use of Kateryn his wife, for life or Alice Standisshe his mother for life, holds, and reversion and rights in Hepey the parishes of Leyland, Wigan, Bolton and Crosby – refers to bond in Statute Staple of Westminster, dated as this deed, whereby Thomas Standisshe is bound to Myles Gerrard and Sir John Cutte in £200 to pay £87 at the ‘Alter of the Roode at the North door of the Cathedrall church of Poules of London’ on 24 June 1507, otherwise Thomas Standisshe to deliver up premises and deeds in 8 days; also by another such bond, on the same date, in £200, to do all that he has covenented. 17 Jun. 21 Hen. VII  (*Under treasurer of England.) 1506.

(This raises the suspicion that Thomas was not too good at managing his money.)






Receipt:   for £7 ‘in ready money’:   Sir Thomas Hobbys, clerk, on behalf of the King, to Thomas Shandisshe, esq. – fine made to the Kings grace ‘for his pardon to be released frome thordre of Knighthod of the Bathe’ at the creation of ‘my lord prince Henry’. 20 Jun. 1506.






Duxbury Mantor Court Roll                                            1507-8.






Duxbury  Manor Court Roll                                     9 May 1509.






Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                      1 Apr. 1511.






Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                                  1512.






Bond:   in £40:   Thomas Standyssh of Dokysbury, esq., Henry Hilton of Brynhill and Alexander Strete to Thomas Wrightyngton  of Wrightyngton, gent. – Thomas Standyssh to performe awarde of Richard Longtre, Humfrey Hordilton, Nicholas Rigby, the elder and Cristofer Leyland, the elder, arbitrators between Thomas Standyssh and Thomas Wrightyngton. 10 Jan. 4 Hen. VIII 1512/13.







Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                      9 Dec. 1517.






Bond:   in 20 marks: James Standisch of Duckisburi esq., James Standisch of the same place, gent., Richard Merton and Robert Haidocke of Heipa, yeoman, to Oliver Haidocke of Heipa – O.H.L. and his assigns ‘peaseabully’ to occupy and care at their pleasure all the ‘tend cornys’ (tithecorn) in the  town and fields of Heipa for life without any trouble from James Standisch esq. and James Standisch gent., (which ‘cornys’ they hold  for a term of years of the abbey of Evysham, co. Worcs., and of Richard, prior of Penwortham), provided that if this bond is not lawful, James Standisch esq. and James Standisch gent. shall obtain a lease from the prior to Oliver Haidocke. 18 Oct. 11 Hen. VIII 1519.

(This establishes beyond doubt that there were two James Standishes of Duxbury living at this time. One was the son of Thomas, who died in 1517/18 and the other his uncle James.)






Duxbury Manor Court Roll                                      7 Dec. 1519.






Grant:   Richard Wastley of Chorlegh to (John Clayton, sen., esq. and John Clayton, jun.,?) William Werden and Richard Gilibrand – messuage and garden in Chorlegh and 2 1/2 ac. arable in tenure of Richard Wastley – for life of Joan Clayton, sister of the aforesaid (John Clayton . . . remainder?) to – Wastley and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten. Recites grant by Thomas Wastley, son and heir of Geoffrey Wastley, (Sir Alexander Radcliff?), Thomas Standisshe, esq. and Robert Radclyff, chaplain, to Elinor Breres and Hugh Fuller chaplain, of all messuages, lands etc. which grants held of gift messuages, lands etc. which grantors held of gift of (G.W.?) in (Chorlegh?) and elsewhere in co. Lancs, for ever, dated 5 Aug. – Hen. VIII; also lease by – to John Gilibrand and Robert (Kyngeley?) of a close in Chorlegh called Cemerlegh for life of Christiana, sister of Robert Kyngeley and for her use alone, with remainders, dated 9 Aug. same years as recited grant. 12 Hen. VIII  1521/22.(Badly mutilated) 






Bond:   in £40:   John Holcrofte, son and heir of John Holcroft, esq., Richard Worthyngton of Adlyngton, gents. To James Standysshe, esq. – John Holcrofte to keep covenants specified in indenture between John Holcrofte and James Standysshe made on date hereof. 13 May 15 Hen. VIII  1523/4.






Certificate that James Standyssh of Duxbery, gent., has left in safe custody of William Standyssshe of Kendall, co. Appilby (sic) gent. 63 pieces of evidence concerning lands in Shotylworth in Happton and 26 pieces concerning lands in Bretherton on behalf of Robert Schaykerley (sic), gent., son and heir of Thomas Schaykerley; William Standysshe to deliver deeds to Robert Schaykerley ‘given it shalbe profetable’ to Robert Schaykerley. Witness:   Sir Richard Peers, Sir John Becke, chaplains, William Collyn, Thomas Tempest and others. 6 Oct. 17 Hen.VIII    1525.







Bond:   in £200:   John Boteler of Rawcliff, esq. and John Talbot, esq. and William Westby, esq. to James Standyssh of Dukkysbury esq. – John Boteler to perform covenants specified in indenture of marriage between John Boteler and James Standyssh made on date hereof. 12 July 18 Hen. VIII  1526.

(This was prior to the second marriage of James son of Thomas to Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Butler of Rawcliffe and Anne, a daughter of Sir Richard Shireburne. It was this marriage that brought the Lawrence, Washington and Butler arms into the Standish shield and land near Lancaster into the family.)






Dispensation:   Thomas, cardinal, archbishop of York, primate and chancellor of England to Henry Rissheton of the diocese of Coventrye and Lichfeld and to Elen Boteler, of the same diocese – to marry though ‘blood syb’ in the 4th degree, (draft).

(Ellen was another of the four heiresses of John Butler and so James’s sister-in-law.) 20 Jan. 1526/7.






Grant:   James Standysshe esq. to James Holyns – annuity of 13s 4d. from his manor of Dukysbury for life of James Standyssh at feast of St. Martin in winter and at Pentecost in equal portions. Payment of 1d. silver for seisin. 20 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII  1527.







Duxbury Manor Court Roll   25 Mar. 1528.






Lease for lives:   at 26s. 8d. yearly:   James Standysshe of Duxbery, esq. to William Loo and Margery his wife – messuage in Duxbery - Margery Loo not to marry again without consent of James Standysshe and William Loo to serve the King himself or furnish an able man. 6 Oct. 22 Hen. VIII 1530.







Bond:   in £40:   Alice Forde, daughter of Richard Forde, late of Swynley, William Forde, son and heir of Richard Forde and Alexander Fairclogh of Standish to James Standishe, sen., son of Christopher Standishe, kt. – Alice Forde to keep award of Rauff Standish, esq. Alexander Standishe, son and heir of Rauff Standishe and James Standishe, jun., esq. concerning all matters between the parties. 17 Mar. 22 Hen. VIII  1530/31.







Agreement:   James Standish of Dokesbury, esq. to Gilbert Claghton of Chorley, yeo. – occupation by Gilbert Claghton of 2 closes of land in Dokesbury called Sandyhurst and Pickethurst for 1 year for 17s. from date hereof, even if James Standish redeem mortgage by lease for years for £14. 8s. 4d. at Pentecost next – otherwise if James Standish pay £4. 17s. 4d. at Easter, 1535, Gilbert Claghton shall occupy the premises till James Standish have paid covenants to make all the hedges enclosing the closes along the water and Gilbert Claghton covenants to make all between Castelclyff and Sandyhurst; James Standish covenants to make no way over the 2 closes but to carry firewood; with bond in £40 for performance of above covenants.   (Torn) 12 … … Hen. VIII   1534?

(Sandhyhurst is today called Saunders Wood. Castelclyff was most likely the name of the hill on which the Pele tower was built, behind the mill.)






Warrant:   Richard Hoghton, kt., J.P., to constable of Duksbury – arrest of William, son and heir of Thomas Wynerd of Cowpull, suspected of felonies etc.   14 Dec. 1537.







Bond: in £40:   Richard Haidocke of Chorley, draper, to James Standish of Dokesbury, esq. – Richard Haidocke to perform award of Perys Caterall, co. Lancs. gent. and William Walton in le dale, in same county, concerning all matters between the parties especially re rights in lands in Heypay, Chorley and Bolton, lately inheritance of Richard Green, deceased, now in traverse between the parties. 20 Aug. 30 Hen. VIII   1538.







Duxbury Manor Court Book   6 Nov. 1538.






Bond:   in £200:   Nicholas Butler of Raucliff esq. to James Standysshe of Dokesbury, esq. – Nicholas Butler to perform award of Roger Asshowe and John Rygmayden, esqs., Rauf Arosmyth and John Gelybroude concerning all matters between the parties. 28 Mar. 30 Hen. VIII    1539.





c. 1539


Survey by Feodary in Lancashire of Courts of Wards and Liveries, on death of Alexander Standisshe of Standisshe, esq., in 1539, leaving Rauf Standisshe, aged 9 years, the heir, and therefore King’s ward, - estates in Standishe,Shevynton, Duckysbury, Chorley, Heithcharnok, Blackrode, Charnok Richard, Wigan, Chatherton, Glodith, Wytton, Ratchedale, Ormyskerk, Brykellisworth, co. Northants.   c. 1539.

(The Earl of Derby became his guardian.)






Bond: in 4 marks:   James Standish, esq. to William Chorley, sen. Gent. – James Standish to pay William Chorley in Chorley Church, 28s.8d. to the use of Richard brother of William Chorley, at Pentecost or 20 days later. 5 Mar. 31 Hen. VIII  1539/40.





bef. 1540


Will of Mathew Standysshe of the Parke Broke in Shevington – mentions wife Elianor, and sons Thomas, Raufe and Roger. bef. 1540

(date established by Rental of Lancashire lands of St. John of Jerusalem, c. 1540, pub. L. & C. A. S. vol. LVIII, pp. 57-70, in which Thomas Standisshe is given as renting house called the Parkebroke for 6d. yearly. Mathew refers to his eldest son Thomas and to lands held of St. John of Jerusalem, including the house he dwelt in called the Parkebroke, at 6d. yearly rent).

(Matthew Standish also held a field in Duxbury, granted to him by Thomas Standish, to whom he seems to have played a father figure after his own father Sir Christopher died.)






Bond:   in £40:   Elizabeth Foxhole of Coventry, co. Warwick, widow, to James Standysshe, esq., E. C. to observe award of John Byrkhevvet, William Parker, Lawrence Ireland and Thomas Huddleston, gents., re all actions between the parties.

7 Feb. 33 Hen. VIII  1541/2.







Award:   Elizabeth Foxholes, widow of Hugh Standishe, decd. and James Standisshe of Duckesbury, Esq. – concerning right to lands in Heypey, Wheleton and Gonellesmore, inheritence of James Standisshe, which Elizabeth Foxholes as administratrix of Hugh Standishe, claims for term of years and other causes - Arbitrators: John Birkheved, William Parker of Norton, Sir Thomas Hurleton, Elizabeth Foxholes to deliver deeds and execute release to James Standisshe in retuurn for £8.  2 May 1542.

(Hugh was Sir Christopher’s third son.






Receipt and bond for repayment:   of £6. 13s. 4d.: The King to James Standysshe of Duckesbere, esq. – advance by way of prest, to be repaid within 2 years.  7 Jun. 1542.







Receipt:   for 30s. Jamys Standyshe of Dokysbury esq. to William Holcroft, esq,, the King’s feodary – due in right of Elizabeth, wife of James Standyshe. 24 Aug. 34 Hen. VIII    1542.







Lease for lives at 26s. 8d. rent:   for £4:   Richard Laton of Willey, co. Salop, esq. and Agnes, his wife to John Hamond of Hattun, co. Salop, and Richard and John, sons of John Hamonde – premises in Hatton (except oak, ash and ‘crabbe’ trees). Timber for repair of buildings.  23 Jun. 1542.







Lease for life at 8s.  8d. Rent: for 23s. 4d, : James Standissh of Dukisbury, esq.  to  Raffe Moresbie of Whitell-in-le-Wods, weiver – 2 closes in Hepaye now in tenure of Jenet, late wife of Henry Philip, deceased, and of Thurstand Shoroke, - with free ‘entre’ and ‘outgate’ – Raffe Moresbie to build a firehouse on 1 of the 2 closes at his own cost; James Standissh covenants to contribute 12 ‘powles’. 28 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII  1543.







Lease for lives at 8s. rent:   for 40s.   James Standissh to Olyver Garstan of Whitell-in-le-Wods, husb. – certain parcels of land, part of his inheritance, in Heypaye, unto the measure of 5 ac. to be enclosed at pleasure of Olyver Garstan – for lives of Olyver Garstan and one of his sons, Thomas and James, as he shall appoint. 8 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII   1543.







Bond:   in £40:   James Brandswood of Wheleton , yeoman, to James Standish of Dukisburie, esq. – James Brandswood to perform award of John Gilibrand and Olyver Gerard, sen., gents. Re all actions between the parties. 2 Dec. 35 Hen VIII  1543.







Lease for lives at 2s. rent:   for 10s.:   James Standissh of Dukysburie to William Blacklege and Henry, his son, of Wheleton – parcel of land (2 ac.) a new improvement to be enclosed by William Blacklege and Henry Blacklege at their pleasures on  the common pasture that was ‘meane’ between Sir Richard Hoghton, kt.  and James Standissh called the Cupthurst, in Hepey – for lives of William Blacklege and Henry Blacklege (torn) Jan. 35 Hen. VIII   1543/44.







Subsidy roll, Leyland hundred, made by Sir Henry Farrington, kt., Andrew Barton, Thurstan Tyldesley and John Langtre, esquires, delivered to James Standysh of Duxbury, esq., collector. 20 Apr. 1547.







Grant:   James Standyssh of Dukkesbury, esq. to Thomas Standyssh, his son and heir apparent – reversion of his lease of tythe corn in Hepay – after death of James Standyssh, in tail male, then to Rychard, son of James Standyssh in tail male, then to Christofer Standyssh, son of James Standyssh, in tail male, then to right heirs of James Standyssh, also grant to Thomas Standyssh of all his ‘harnes as jakkes, saletts, bylls and all other harnes’ in his house and 1 ceffron with all other heirlooms. 29 Oct. 4 Edw. VI.    1550.

(This establishes that James had three surviving sons, Thomas, Richard and Christopher.)






Lease for life:   James Standysshe of Dukkesbury, kt. and John Pole, cousin and heir of Ranulph Pole, clerk, sole feoffee to use of James Standyssh to Richard Standyssh, son of James Standyssh – messuage and water-mill in Hepey and all other lands etc. in Heapey and Anlezargh, in tenure  of William Totyll and Oliver Astley – remainder to James Standyssh in tail male.   Condition that Richard Standyssh is not to intermeddle with possession of premises or receive profits during life of James Standyssh. 29 Oct. 4 Edw. VI   1550.







Writ to Sheriff:   James Standyssh of Duckesbury, esq. v. Edward Standisshe of Standisshe, esq. – unjust holding of ‘colte stagge’. Witness:-  Edmund Molyneux, kt.   26 Aug. 1552.

(So the Standishes of Standish and Duxbury didn’t always get on! This Edward Standish was later to be a supervisor, in 1581, for the will of Alexander Hoghton, who named William Shakeshafte in his will.)






Warrant:   issued by John Fletewood, John Wrightington, Hugh Anderton, all esquires – for good behaviour of George Townley of Hagh, threatening James Standissh of Duckesbury, esq. 22 Dec. 1554.







Assignment:   Gervas Tatlow of Manchester, draper, to Thomas Chatherton of the Lighes, co. Lancs., gent. – right and title in certain burgages and lands in Manchester, leased by Lawrens Tetlow of the Chambre, gent. to Gervas Tetlow on 20 Jan. 1555 – in view of bond of Thomas Chatherton in £45 to Cristoffer Waring of Coventre, draper on behalf of Gervas Tetlow. 1 May 1 & 2 Phil. & Mary. 1555.







Receipt:   for 40s. William Brers of Walton in Derbyshire (Walton-on-the-Hill) to James Standyshe of Duckysbury, esq. – debts between William Brers of Chorley, father of William Brers and William Brers 11 Nov. 2  & 3 Phil. & Mar. 1555.







Grant:   Jamys Standisshe of Duckesbury, esq. to John Langtree, esq. and John Gelibrounde, gent. – chattel estates – to use of his son Christofer. 20 Aug. 1556.







Bond:   in £100:   Elizabeth, wife of James Standyshe of Duckysburie, esq. and Richard Shireburne of Baylaie Hall, to James Standyshe – Elizabeth Standyshe to perform covenants, grants etc. which ought to be kept on her behalf, as specified in award made by Peter Anderton, John Langetre, esqs., Hugh Anderton and John Gelybrand gents. Beween Elizabeth Standyshe and James Standyshe her husband, 24 July, 1552. 27 Sep. 3 & 4 Phil. & Mary. 1556.







Assignment:   Olyver Gerstan of (Whittle) le Wodes, husb., to Thomas Gerstan, his eldest son and heir apparent – all interest in 2 leases from James Standyssh esq. of 3 parcels of land,  viz, to Olyver Gerstan and one of his sons (?) of a parcel of land in (cut), containing 6 ac., at (cut) rent yearly, made in (cut) 35 Hen. VIII (1543/4) and another lease to Olyver Gerstan and his assigns of 2 parcels of land in Hepay in the Great Intacke made 3 Mar. 7 Edw. VI (1552/3) (2 inches or so cut off right hand edge) 4 Feb. 3 & 4 Phil. & Mary  1556/7.







Grant:   James Standisshe of Duckesbure, esq. to Thomas Gelybrand, son of John Gelybrand of Chorley – annuity of 4d. yearly from messuage and tenement in Duckesbury, in tenure of Richard Maudesley – in performance of award by William Chorley, Laurence Standissshe and John Gelybrand made between Laurence Standisshe and John Gelybrand made between James Standisshe and Thomas Gelybrand, dated 1 Feb. 1557. Given at Duckesbury, 8 Apr. 3 & 4 Phil. & Mary.  1557.







Grant:   James Standysshe of Duckesburye, esq. to Alexander Rigbye of Erly in Blakerode – rent of 20s. Yearly for life from messuage and tenement in Heapey, in tenure of John Wygan – 1 Feb. 4 & 5 Phil. & Mary  1557/8.







Bond:   in £100:  James Standisshe of Duckesbury, esq. to John Holcroft, sen., kt. – James Standisshe to keep award of Richard Gerrard, clerk, parson of Wygan, John Wrightyngton, John Fletewood and Hugh Anderton, esqs. re. all actions between the parties. - Aug. 4 & 5 Phil. & Mary 1558.







Bond:   in £40:   Roger Haidock, co. Lancs., Laurence Nyghtingale, same county, husbandman, to Cudbert, Bishop of Chester – Roger Haidock and Laurence Nyghtingale to execute a letter of administration with colligendum and pay to Raufe, Isabell and John Gillor, children of Richard Gillor, £7 at 18 yrs. of age. Witnesss:   Edward Coltherst, Raufe Wodcocke, Sir William Cowper, etc. 21 Oct. 5 & 6 Phil & Mary  1558.







Leases, 1558-1681.  One of 1581 also includes Anglezarke property.






Bond:   in £1000:   Christofer Standisshe of Chorley, gent. to Thomas Standisshe, his brother – Christofer Standisshe to keep covenants contained in 2 indentures made between Christofer Standisshe and Thomas Standisshe on date hereof.10 Dec.1563.







Agreement:   Christopher Standish, younger son of James Standish, esq. and James Standish – to allow his father for life £6. 13s. (4d.?) out of his annuity of £10 for life, in view of the small living; debts and (expense) of servants of his father. (Badly torn)    Oct, 1565.

(It seems as though James had already made over most of his estates to his sons. His wife Elizabeth was buried on 9 November 1565.)






Fine:   Anglezarghe and Hyndley,  1565.







Settlement:   manors, etc. in Duckesbury, Heypey, Lancaster, Scotforthe, Burroo, Standyshe, Langtree, Worthington, Chorley, Heath Charnocke, Anglezarghe, Hindley, Crosseby.    20 Apr. 1566.

The lands in “Lancaster, Scotforthe and Burroo” had come into the family on the Butler marriage.)






Lease, with provision for repairing hedges. (Heath Charnock)1569.







Grant of annuity to annul limitation contained in settlement of estates named in 21/9, dated 20 Oct. 1566. -1570.





Another, as 21/10, attached.






Leases, 1569/70 – 1742/43, and letter of attorney, 1651/2. Inc.  note of war service, 1569/70, Bowling green, 1700, Yarrow bridge smith (ref. to Hermit’s well) 1708, Water corn mill, malt mill, kiln, suit of all tenants and undertenants of Duxbury and Heath Charnock, and toll, with most detailed agreements concerning maintenance, 1727, Another, but less detailed, 1742/3.







Bond:   in £100:   Thomas Standysshe of Duckesbury, gent. to John Aynsworth of Staple Inn, co. Middx., gent. – Thomas Standysshe to pay John Aynsworth £50. As follows: - on 20 Sep. £20, at St. Stephens’ day, £10, and 1 Sep. 1572, £20, in (‘the porche of the parishe church of Chorley’ erased) ‘ the mancion house’ of Thomas Standysshe called Duxbury Hall. 15 May 1571.







Bond:   in 100 marks:   Christofer Standishe of Heathe Charnocke, gent. to Thomas Standyshe of Duckesburie, esq. – Christofer Standishe not to expel or fine Oliver Totehill and Katherin, late wife of William Totehill, mother of Oliver Totehill, tenants of a tenement in Anlazarghe and Hepaye or George Asteley, tenant of another tenement in Hepaye (both tenements held by Christofer Standish for life by gift of James Standish, esq., decd, his father, conveyed to John Aynesworth (see 4/ 21 above), who mortgaged them to Thomas Standysshe) if redeemed from Thomas Standish, without consent of Thomas Standysshe, William Chorley, sen., and James Anderton, esqs. 8 Aug. 1572.







Grant of annuity to annul limitation contained in settlement of manors etc. in Whitle-in-le-Woodes, Frekleton, Claughton in Amounderness, Longton, Gosenarghe and Threlfall, dated 22 Oct. 1572. .

(These were the lands owned by the descendants of James son of Sir Christopher.)






Another, as 21/11, attached.






Bond:   in £200:   William Gerrarde of Ince, esq., and Thomas Standishe of Duckesbury, esq. to William Sherington citizen and haberdasher, of London – William Gerrarde and Thomas Standishe to pay to William Sherington £110 on 4 May next at his house in ‘Fanchurche strete.’ 25 May 1574.

(This seems to prove that some of the Standishes went to London on occasion.)






Bond:   in £200:   Robert Woorsley of Boothes, co. Lancs. esq., and Thomas Standisshe of the Pyle of Duckesberie, esq., to James Trescott, gent. – Robert Woorsley and Thomas Standisshe to pay to James Prescott, gent. – Robert Woorsley and Thomas Standisshe to pay to James Trescott £100 in hall of the house of Edward Standisshe of Standisshe, esq. on Lady day next.  27 Mar. 1577.







Settlement:   moiety of manor of Heath Charnock and other property there and in Hyndley, Little Crosby, Lancaster, Scotforth, Burroo, Preston, Chorley, Longton, Gosenarghe and Threlfall. 1577.






Another, as 21/12.






Survey of Duxbury (?).        (Rough)  26 Oct. 1577.

(Thisis a sketch map of the  lands of  Thomas Standishe of Duxbury.)






Lease in Whittle-le Woods. 1581.







Bond:   in £300:   Thomas Standishe of Duckesburie, esq. to Christofer Standishe of Chorley, gent., his brother, - Thomas Standishe to fulfil award of Syr Gilbert Gerrard, kt., master of the Rolles, and of William Gerrarde, esq., brother of Sir Gilberte Gerrard concerning all matters between James Standish and Christofer Standishe.   15 Aug. 1583.

(Sir Gilbert Gerard, master of the rolls, was James’s nephew-in-law. Yet another of the Butler heiresses Isabel had married Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh and their daughter Ann married Sir Gilbert. William Gerard was his brother and a lawyer in London. Sir Gilbert was often required to arbitrate in disputes in Lancashire. It seems they were still sorting out the financial problems from above.)




c. 1590


Interrogatories relating to Copthurst in Heapey, in dispute between Thomas Standisshe esq. and Henry Butler, esq.   c. 1590.

(Henry Butler was a cousin of the Butler heiresses and enters the ‘Shakespeare in Lancashire’ story as the uncle of John Weever, the poet from Preston, who wrote epigrams to Shakespeare and many in Hoghton circles.)


24/4 & 5




4 & 5 are copies on one sheet of paper, made c. 1590, by Robert Swansey, with notes that originals delivered to Thomas Hoghton, esq. late father to the now Lord of Hoghton. 4.  Grant:   Richard Howghton, kt., to Robert son of Adam of Clayton – his half part of 7 acres of waste lying beween the new intacke of the aforesaid Robert and the Blackbroke and ditch next to Haliwall Syke in Whitthull in the Woodes – annual rent: 2s. 4d. of silver. Witn:- John Farington, John son of Adam of Clayton, Richard of the Croke, John of Leyland, Ralph of Kerden, etc. At Whitthull in the wuddes, St. bef. Epiph. 22 Ric. II     4 Jan. 1398/99. Grant:   John Butler of Rawcliffe, kt. – his half part of premises as 4; grantee and all other particulars as 4.

Both 4 & 5 refer to property that c. 1590 was called Swansey House, according to endorsement.

(Robert Swansey acted as lawyer for the Hoghtons.)






Lease for 21 years at 5s. 10d. rent:   for £5:   Thomas Standishe of Duckesbury, esq. to Richard Greenfield of Scottfourth, husb. – tenement with 4 ac. land, - moiety for Elizabeth Greenfield, widow, and liberty to dig marl pits. 16 Aug. 1596.







Assignment (Heath Charnock),  1596/7.






Final concord:   for £80:   William Lambard, plaintiff, John Willard, Abraham Willard and Edmund Willard, gents. deforciants – 2 mess, 3 cottages, 1 cookhouse, 1 barn, 1 stable, 1 curtilage, 3 gardens, 1 orchard, 20 ac. land, 40 ac. meadow, 60 ac. pasture, 6 ac. wood, 4 ac. moor in Tunbridge and Leigh next Tunbridge. (Kent)   23 May, 1597.

(This is the only mention of Kent in the family papers.)






Quitclaim: for £20 annuity from manor of Heapey – estates in Dukesburie, Heapey and Anglezarke. 1600.

(Comments on most of the following documents, until A.S.’s death in 1622, are included in his biography.)






Bargain and sale, - Great Avenham, the Water wyllows, Causey meadows, the Cliffe, the great Cliffe, the Woodhoolme, Albenhey. (Preston)    4 Mar. 1600/1.







Agreement:   for £10:   Robert Chernocke of Astley, esq. to Alexander Standishe of Duxburie, esq. – Alexander Standishe to have and enjoy the first part, called the Eastesyde of the wood, and Robert Chernocke to enjoy the second part, called the Westesyde of the wood, of the lands of  the manor of Heath Charnock, belonging to both Robert Chernocke and Alexander Standishe, lately divided by Robert Chernocke – under 5 heads, with detailed schedules of both parts attached. Reference to stones from the Slate Ridge feeld.  13 Mar. 1600/1.







Receipt:   for £200: for moiety of manor of Whittle-le-Woods. 1605.







Letter:   the King to Alexander Standish, requiring him to pay £20 to James Anderton, esq., collector for the King )Printed). 

31 Jul. 1605.







Papers relating to case in Chancery concerning estate of Sir Thomas Langton, kt. in Walton-le-Dale. c. 1582-1615/16.

(This was the aftermath of the ‘affray at Lea’ and sorting out Sir Thomas’s affairs when he died in 1605 without a son and heir.)






Mittimus:   to Constable of Chester Castle – to take into custody WilliamCharnock, gent. as a ‘dangerous recusant’. (contemp. Copy).  15 Jan. 1618/19.







Receipt & discharge:   for £1500: Thomas Standish of Duxbury heir apparent of Alexander Standish, of Duxbury, esq. and Anne, his wife, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Wingfeld, kt., late of Letheringham, co. Suffolk, dec’d. to Thomas Wingfeld of Nettlestead, co. Suffolk, gent.,executor of will of Sir Thomas Wingfield - sum due to Anne at 21 years by Will of Sir Thomas Wingfield. 30 Mar. 1619.





17th c.


Promissory note:   in case of Thomas Standish, gent. and others, v. Henry Reynoldes, esq., and Thomas Wingfield, gent. – Henry Reynoldes to joine gratis with plaintiffs next terme without serving of process.   (See 1/6)    n.d. 17th cent.





17 c.


Schedule of lands in Debden (?) (Essex)   17th c.

(This is the only mention of Essex in the family papers and might somehow be connected with the Wingfields coming from Suffolk.)




c. 1620


Statement in case in Court of Delegates:   Standish v. Charnock – burial place in Chorley Church. c. 1620.




17th c.


Genealogical notes on Standish family of Duxbury, 28 Edw. I – 18 Hen VIII.

(These were two family versions of the descent of Family A, down to Thomas, d. 1577, which agree completely with the Visitation Pedigree of 1567.)







Duxbury Manor Court Book  13 Sep. 1623.






Duxbury Manor Court Book  8 Oct 1624.






Duxbury Manor Court Book   20 Apr. 1625.






Duxbury Manor Court Book  19 Oct. 1625.






Duxbury Manor Court Book   30 Oct. 1626.






Duxbury Manor Court Book   4 Jan 1632.






Duxbury Manor Court Book    n.d.  c. 1630.

(I have not examined any of these, but they might reveal whether any of Captain Myles’s family was living in Duxbury at the time – or not.)






Appointment:   the King to Edward Holt, Robert Coytmore, Thomas Breres and Peter Walkden, gents. As jurors in Court of Duchy Chamber – in case of Thomas Standish, esq. v. Robert Bullough and John Taylor.     30 Jun. 1638.







Grant of jointure:   out of manors (sic) of Duxbury, Heapey, Whittle-in-le-Woods, Heath Charnock, Anlezarch, Bradley Hall in Worthington , and estates in Standish, Langtree, Worthington, Chorley.  1640/41.

(This was the marriage settlement of Captain Thomas, son and heir of Thomas the M.P., to Elizabeth, daughter of George Vaux.  Captain Thomas was killed at the Siege of Manchester in September 1642.)







Marriage settlement, by lease and release:   premises as 21/14.  (Release missing)   1640/41.







Deed of trust: Alexander Standish of Duxbury, esq. and 3 others to Robert Shaw, M.A., vicar of Cockerham and 3 others – messuage and tenements in Anglezarke – to use of the said Alexander Standish of Duxburie. Alexander Standish to pay £520 to the 3 other grantors on 4 Nov. 1644. 20 Oct. 1644.







Release of dower:   manors of Duxbury, Heapey and Anlezarche, and estates as 21/14. 1647.

(This was the gift in June  by Margaret, widow of Colonel Alexander Standish of Duxbury since March, of all her dower estates to Colonel Richard, who moved into Duxbury Hall soon afterwards. )







Commission:  “Councell of State appointed by Authoritie of Parliment” to Col. Richard Standish – colonel of Regiment of Foot in Lancashire. Signed by John Bradshaw, president. 16 Aug. 1650.






Bond in statute staple:   in £500:   Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq. to James Leaver of London, merchant – to pay on St. James’ day. 12 Jul. 1653.

(Around this time he started to travel to London regularly as an M.P. for Lancashire.)






Final Concord:   premises as 21/14.  1654/55.






Inquisition:   before Richard Standishe, esq., Hugh Cooper, gent. John Clife, Evan Wall, Richard Kinge and Richard Durninge, gent., commissioners in Chancery – disposal of charity of John Shaw of Anlezarghe, gent., by will made 19 July 1627, for poor of Anlezarghe, Rivington, Heth Charnocke and Anderton and for repair of Rivington Chapel. Trustees discovered to have detained £75. 15s.4d., being 20 years’ moneys due to poor of the above townships.  4 Jul. 1655.







Will of Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq. made 29 Sep. 1657.






Covenant:   John Rawlinson, sen., of Chorley, gent. and John Rawlinson, his son, to Richard Standish, esq., and rest of feoffees for poor of Chorley – to allow £4.7s to be added to the moneys mentioned in defeasance given to John Rawlinson sen. and jun. By feoffees “upone the deed by us granted upone our lands” in Chorley, since upon casting up bond of Richard Blagborne and John Marsh, of Preston, gents. With John Rawlinson sen., the sum falls short of the £40 due to Richard Standish and other feoffees by decree 19 Jul. 1656, by £2.2s.  21 Dec. 1657.







Receipt:   for £60:   Joane Bannaster of Catterall widow to Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq. – rent due under lease between Joane Bannaster and Richard Standish. 25 Mar. 1658.

Joan was another stray widow from the family at Duxbury Hall. She was sister of Thomas the M.P., married first to John Clayton and then to Christopher Bannaster, a lawyer in the Duchy of Lancaster,)







Authorization:   Elizabeth Crosse of Crosshall, wid. to Edward Dicconson, Samuell Andrewes and Peter Adlington, gents. Attorneys in Common Pleas, to appear for her upon an ‘originall’ brought by Richard Standish of Duxbury, esq., in the above court at Lancaster, in £200.  5 Aug. 1661.







Probate copy of will of Richard Standish, proved at York, 13 Jul. 1663.

(There is apparently another copy of this at York with a codicil of 1662, just before he died, seen at the beginning of the 20th century by Farrer when writing the Victoria County History. I have not looked at the original of this .)







Reassignment of grant 6/9  1521/22  1671/2.






Bond:   in £20:   George Brown of Coppull, yeoman, to Richard Standish of Duxury, esq. – Geroge Brown to pay to Richard Standish £10 on 17 Feb. after William Dalton, son of William Dalton of Whittle in le Woods, decd. shall attain 21 yrs., for sole use of George Dalton, younger son of William Dalton.  15 Feb. 1674/5.







General Release   1675/76.






Lease (Heath Charnock),   1676.






Assignment (Heath Charnock), 1677.






Quitclaim of 6/9 and 6/10   (1521/22 & 1671/2)   1685.






Bond:   in £1,190:   John Williamson of Flixton, Josua Bate of Croft, and John Moss of Stretford, all yeomen to Richard Standish of Duxbury, bt. – John Williamson to fulfil covenants contained in agreement made on date hereof between John Williamson and Richard Standish. 1 Jan. 1685/6.







General Release  1678.






Lease of smithy:   detailed boons:   leave to take down chimney pipe,  1684.






Agreement:   Sir Richard Standish, bt. and others and John Shaw of Culcheth, chapman – concerning mess. and ten. in Culcheth, in litigation between the parties, John Shaw to pay £40 and Sir Richard Standish and others to execute release.   5 Apr. 1693.




1692-c. 1700


Papers relating to case at Assizes, in Duchy Chamber and in Chancery relating to lead mines in Anglezarks and Heapey, Abbot and others v. Shaw and others, involving Lady Margaret Standish of Duxbury and Hugh, Lord Willoughby, 1694/95-c. 1700, including 24. (originally enclosed with 23) Agreement:   John Sharples (?) and 5 others with Sir Richard Standish of Duxbury, bt., Peter Shaw of Shaw Place, gent. and George Smith of Sharples, yeo. – conditions of leadmining.  29 Jul, 1692.

(See R. C. Shaw, Records of a Lancashire Family pp. 136-8 and I. A. Williamson, The Mining Magazine, Mar. 1963, pp. 133-139).



(And so we leave the Standish of Duxbury family, with Lady Margaret, widow, battling away about her mining rights. She seems to have been another rather formidable Standish lady. Soon afterwards she married Sir George Stanley of Bickerstaffe and in 1735, when the senior Stanley line at Knowsley died out, Sir George became 11th Earl of Derby and Margaret Countess of Derby.)



The Red Rose of the County of Lancashire.