Return to Standish families of the Manor of Duxbury.

The Pilkington Family descended from the lineage of Sir John de Pilkington.

Oliver and Richard Pilkington held land and property on the Manor of Duxbury and the adjoining Manor of Heath Charnock in 1584 the birth date of Myles Standish. Richard (a free tenant on the manor of Whittle le Woods descended from Roger Pilkington) and Robert Pilkington were descended from the Pilkington family of Bury/Rivington who in turn were descended from the Pilkington family of Pilkington Manor. They were cousins of Lora Pilkington who married Laurence Standish Lord of the Manor of Standish 1415 – 1434 and they were also related to James Pilkington Bishop of Durham 1575 the founder of Rivington Grammar School. This branch of the Pilkington family resided on the manor of Whittle le Woods - Burgh upon the Manor of Duxbury - Manor of Heath Charnock and they were descended from the lineage of Sir John de Pilkington parson of the Church of Bury.


Private Collection.

In a will dated 1596 contained within a private collection of papers (South Africa) is mention of Alexander Pilkington son of Richard of the Burgh, Duxbury and his daughters Rosa and Barbarie (daughters of Alexander). These Pilkington sisters with the Christian names Rosa and Barbarie are similar to the Christian names of the first and second wives of Myles Standish.They were also cousins of Lora Pilkington who married Laurence Standish Lord of the Manor of Standish 1415 – 1434. 

Many experts suggest Myles named his own daughter Lora after Lora Pilkington?

It should be noted that the historical records of the United States of America do not contain any maiden surnames for the first and second wives of Myles Standish.


1582. Richard Pilkington  - Manor of Duxbury - grandfather of Rosa and Barbarie.


1566. Richard Pilkington  -Manor of Duxbury - a son Alexander


1582. Oliver Pilkington -  Manor of Heath Charnock


Manor Court Roll of Whittle-le-Woods, for the year 1578.  from a Private Archive in Lancashire.

Whytle in lee Wooddes

The Court or Hall-moot of the manor aforesaid held in the same place on the third day of June in the twentieth year of the Reign of ourLady Elizabeth, byt he grace of God, of England, France and Ireland Queen, defender of the faith etc, before Thomas Standishe and James Anderton esquires, lords in the same place.


Free Tenants of the manor of Whittle le Woods in the year 1578.

                             The heirs of Anthony Crooke                        The wife of William Johnson

                             Ralph Whitle                                                   Richard Whitle junior

                             Evan Haidocke through                                  Oliver Wylson

 Robert Pincocke                                              The wife of Henry Plessington

                             William Houghe                                       The heirs of Roger Pilkington -

                             James Wygan                                               - Richard Pilkington

                             Richard Whitle                                                   Robert Swansey

                             The wife of Thomas Pincocke                           John Pincocke


  Tenants at will in the year 1578.

                             Roger Laylonde                                                   Hugh Phillippe

                             Persivall Leylonde                                              The wife of John Pincocke

                             John Estham                                                        Roger Wygan

                             William Garstan                                                 Gilbert Whalley

                             William Haworthe                                              Edmund Garstange

                             John Yate                                                            Hugh Totehill

                             James Hilton                                                       Roger Crooke

                             William Houghe                                                The wife of John Pincocke

                             John Pilkington                                        Richard Estham

                             The wife of Thomas Astley                                Ralph Leylonde

                             The wife of James Pilkington                    Thomas Garstange

                             The wife of John Garstange                                Henry Wythnell

                             Thurstan Lucas                                                    The wife of Ralph Worselaye

                             Edmund Morresbye                                             Thomas Haworth

                             Nicholas Alredge                                                 Henry Catterall




Rivington School founded by James Pilkington - Bishop of Durham.


Was Myles Standish Educated at the James Pilkington Grammar School?


 Many learned scholars have made the point that Myles Standish was educated at Rivington Grammar School founded by James Pilkington Bishop of Durham in 1566.

The books listed in the will of Myles Standish in the year 1655 formed a substantial part of the required reading for the curriculum of all the scholars attending Rivington Grammar School.

Not many of the school registers from the early days have survived, but one from the year 1575 has. This register shows the names of the sons of the local gentry in 1575 attending the school.

Two Standish family sons are named -:

(1) Jacobus (James) Standish the son of Christopher Standish of Duxbury from whom the Irish and Canadian branches of the Standish family are descended.

(2) Alexander Standish son of Thomas Standish lord of the Manor of Duxbury 1566 – 1599.

(Christopher Standish the father of James and Thomas Standish the father of Alexander were brothers)


The Library books of Myles Standish in 1655 - by George F Willison.



The Register of Rivington School in the year 1575.

1. Alexander Standish son of Thomas Standish Lord of the Manor of Duxbury 1566 - 1599.

2. James (Jacobus) Standish son of Christopher Standish the founder of the Irish and Canadian branches of the Standish family.

Christopher was the brother of Thomas Standish Lord of the Manor of Duxbury 1566 - 1599



Pilkington Manor - The great Hall of Pilkington 1880 (prior to demolition in 1881).


Leonard Pilkington, born in 1527 at Rivington, Lancashire.

Leonard was one of the overseers of the grammar school at Rivington.


Pilkington, Leonard (1527–1599), Church of England clergyman, was born at Rivington, Lancashire, the fifth of seven sons of Richard Pilkington, esquire (c.1486–1551), and his wife, Alice, daughter of Laurence or Lawrence Ashawe of Hall on the Hill, Heath Charnock, Lancashire. Pilkington matriculated at St John's College, Cambridge, as a sizar, and graduated BA there in 1544. Appointed a fellow at St John's on 24 March 1546, he proceeded MA the following year. He was named mathematical examiner at St John's on 5 September 1548, lecturer in mathematics in 1550, and a senior fellow on 4 September 1551. Nicholas Ridley ordained him deacon at St Paul's, London, on 15 May 1552, and Pilkington was appointed preacher at St John's at Michaelmas in the same year. Shortly after Mary's accession he was ejected from his fellowship, and like his brother James Pilkington fled to the continent. He may have gone to Frankfurt am Main, for one of the Pilkingtons arbitrated in a dispute concerning the eucharist in that city's French congregation in late March 1559. While he was in exile Pilkington married his first wife, Katherine; they had five children, Alice (d. after 1602), Grace (d. 1632), Barnabas (d. 1607), Nehemiah (d. 1602), and Joseph (d. 1622).

Following Elizabeth's accession Pilkington returned to England. After his wife died, the visitors restored him to his fellowship at St John's on 27 December 1559, and he was ordained priest at Ely in November 1560, appointed Hebrew lecturer at St John's on 14 January 1561, and collated to the rectory of Middleton in Teesdale, Durham, including the chapel at nearby Eggleston, on 20 March 1561. He was licensed as a university preacher on 6 June 1561, and, at Robert Beaumont's suggestion, named master at St John's on 19 October 1561, succeeding his brother James, who was now bishop of Durham. In the same year Pilkington received the degree of BTh and was named regius professor of theology, but he resigned this post the following year and was succeeded by Matthew Hutton. On 28 August 1563 James Pilkington collated Leonard to the rectory of Whitburn, Durham, where he amassed a substantial copyhold estate, and where in 1575 he became enmeshed in a dispute with a parishioner over tithes owed for a windmill. He became DTh on 28 January 1564. After securing William Fulke's election as fellow and preacher at St John's in March 1564, Pilkington resigned his mastership in May, having worked to obtain the appointment of Richard Longworth as his successor on the 11th. He was collated to a canonry in Durham Cathedral on 1 August 1567; installed on 6 September, he held this prebend until his death.

Following James Pilkington's death in 1576, Leonard and his younger brother John became overseers of the grammar school at Rivington which James had founded. For failing to attend a visitation conducted by Robert Swift, chancellor of Durham, at Middleton in Teesdale, Pilkington was excommunicated on 6 February 1578, though he was absolved five days later and excused from another visitation in July. By this time the diocese of Durham had become a centre of controversy, having attracted a number of forward protestants, including Dean William Whittingham and such prebendaries as Pilkington himself, his brother John, Ralph Lever, Thomas Lever (deprived in 1567), and John Foxe (who resigned in 1573). The visitations in early 1578 were the forerunners of another in October, when Archbishop Sandys of York quarrelled first with Whittingham, who denied Sandys's right to visit, and then with Dean Matthew Hutton of York, who had supported the dean of Durham. Pilkington weathered the storm, and in June 1579 he and his brother John sought Sir Francis Walsingham's assistance in finding a new dean. In 1592 he was appointed cathedral treasurer.

On 30 September 1597 Pilkington married his second wife, Jayne (née Dyllycotes), widow of Richard Barnes, bishop of Durham. They had no children. He died in August 1599, probably at Durham, and was buried in the cathedral there. In his will, dated 16 November 1598 and proved on 8 September 1599, he noted that four of his children had already received their inheritances: Barnabas, a house and copyhold at Whitburn and nearby Cleadon, with other gifts, amounting to approximately £600; Joseph, money, three farms, and stock worth at least £400 altogether; and Grace, wife of Dr Robert Hutton (Matthew Hutton's nephew), and Alice, wife of Francis Laycock, portions of £200 apiece. To Nehemiah, a minor, Pilkington gave a farm at Hedworth, tithes at Harton, Durham, and half his personal property. Small bequests were given to his widow, relatives, and the poor, and 20 nobles were provided for road repair in the Durham area. To Cambridge he bequeathed seventeen books and a manuscript of Ælfric's homilies. Jayne Pilkington was buried next to her husband on 20 June 1605.

Richard L. Greaves


C. H. Garrett, The Marian exiles: a study in the origins of Elizabethan puritanism (1938) · Cooper, Ath. Cantab., 2.268–9, 550; 3.109 · Fasti Angl. (Hardy), 3.315, 655, 692 · H. C. Porter, Reform and reaction in Tudor Cambridge (1958) · The injunctions and other ecclesiastical proceedings of Richard Barnes, bishop of Durham, ed. [J. Raine], SurtS, 22 (1850) · R. Surtees, The history and antiquities of the county palatine of Durham, 1 (1816), lxxix; 2 (1820), 52–3 · [J. Raine], ed., Depositions and other ecclesiastical proceedings from the courts of Durham, extending from 1311 to the reign of Elizabeth, SurtS, 21 (1845) · J. Pilkington, History of the Pilkington family of Lancashire and its branches from 1066 to 1600, 3rd edn (1912) · A. M. E. Green, ed., ‘Life of Mr William Whittingham, dean of Durham’, Camden miscellany, VI, CS, 104 (1871) · W. H. Frere, The Marian reaction in its relation to the English clergy: a study of the episcopal registers (1896) · Venn, Alum. Cant., 1/3.365 · BL, Lansdowne MS 7, no. 7


BL, Lansdowne MS 7, no. 7


Wealth at death  

probably over £1400; had already given landed property to two sons and portions of £200 each to two daughters; will provided for small bequests to widow, relatives, and the poor, and 20 nobles for road repair: Injunctions, ed. Raine





The Nightingale family of Duxbury and Heath Charnock Lancashire.

Myles Nightingale (the son of Myles Nightingale ) was resident on the Manor of Duxbury in 1584 the birth date of Myles Standish and establishes that the Christian name Myles was in use on the Manor of Duxbury in 1584.

A sister of Myles Nightingale married into the Standish family, her husband was  James Standish son of of Christopher Standish (authority unknown) and this event provides for the possibility that Myles Nightingale Senior was the grandfather that Myles Standish was named after.

The Christian name Myles was not used by any branch of the Standishf family thus historians have concluded that Myles was named from his mothers line of descent.

1582. Myles Nightingale  Manor of Duxbury.


1582. Myles Nightingale  Manor of Heath Charnock.


Death of  the wife of Myles Nightingale recorded in the register of the Church of St. Wilfrid Standish 24th April 1607.


Death of Myles Nightingale recorded in the register of the Church of St. Wilfrid Standish 21st  March 1611.