Mayflower 2020. 1620 - 2020.

 

Celebrations upon the Manor of Standish and the Manor of Duxbury Lancashire England 2020.

2020 Celebrations Information here Soon!.

 

 

 

    2020 Celebration of the Standish of Standish Family Lancashire England.

 

The Lancashire Lands of Captain Myles Standish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Will & Testament of Myles Standish, 1655/1656


The Last will and Testament of Captaine Myles Standish Exhibited before the court held att Plymouth (the 4th) of may 1657 on the oath of Captaine James Cudworth; and ordered to bee recorded as followeth;

Given under my hand this march the 7th 1655 Witnesseth these prsents that I Myles Standish senir of Duxburrow being in prfect memory yett Deseased in my body and knowing the fraile estate of man in his best estate I Doe make this to be my last will and Testament in manor and forme following;

1 my will is that out of my whole estate my funerall charges be taken out & my bod(y) to be buried in Decent manor and if I Die att Duxburrow my body to bee layed as neare as Conveniently may bee to my two Daughters Lora Standish my Daughter and Mary Standish my Daughterinlaw

2 my will is that that out of the remaining prte of my whole estate that all my jus(t) and lawful Debts which I now owe or att the Day of my Death may owe bee paied

3 out of what remaines according to the order of this Govrment: my will is that my Dear and loveing wife Barbara Standish shall have the third prte

4 I have given to my son Josias Standish upon his marriage one young horse five sheep and two heiffers which I must upon that contract of marriage make forty pounds yett not knowing whether the estate will bear it att prsent; my will is that the resedue remaine in the whole stocke and that every one of my four sons viz Allexander Standish Myles Standish Josias Standish and Charles Standish may have forty pounds appeec; if not that they may have proportionable to ye remaining prte bee it more or lesse

5 my will is that my eldest son Allexander shall have a Double share in land

6 my will is that soe long as they live single that the whole bee in prtenership betwix(t) them

7 I do ordaine and make my Dearly beloved wife Barbara Standish Allexander Standish Myles Standish and Josias Standish Joynt Exequitors of this my last will and Testament

8 I Doe by this my will make and appoint my loveing frinds mr Timothy hatherley and Capt: James Cudworth Supervissors of this my last will and that they wilbee pleased to Doe the office of Christian love to bee healpfull to my poor wife and Children by theire Christian Counsell and advisse; and if any Difference should arise which I hope will not; my will i(s) that my said Supervissors shall Determine the same and that they see that m(y) poor wife shall have as comfortable maintainance as my poor state will beare the whole time of her life which if you my loveing frinds pleasse to Doe though neither they nor I shalbee able to recompenc I Doe not Doubt but the Lord will; By mee Myles Standish

further my will is that marcye Robenson whome I tenderly love for her Grandfathers sacke shall have three pounds in somthing to goe forward for her two yeares after my Decease which my will is my overseers shall see prformed

further (m)y will is that my servant John Irish Junir have forty shillings more then his Covenant which will appear upon the towne booke alwaies provided that hee continew till the time hee covenanted bee expired in the service of my exequitors or any of them with theire Joynt Concent

March 7th 1655 By mee Myles Standish.

9 I give unto my son & heire aparent Allexander Standish all my lands as heire apparent by lawfull Decent in Ormistick Borsconge Wrightington Maudsley Newburrow Crawston and the Ile of man and given to me as right heire by lawful Decent but Surruptuously Detained from mee my great G(ran)dfather being a 2cond or younger brother from the house of Standish of Standish

March the 7th 1655 by mee Myles Standish

Witnessed by mee

James Cudworth

 

 

The Lancashire Lands of Captain Myles Standish.

 

ORMSKIRK - Lancashire.

  In the Will of Myles Standish - "Ormistick" .

ORMSKIRK.

 

The name is Old Norse in origin and is derived from Ormres kirkja, from a personal name, Ormr (which means “serpent” or dragon), and the Old Norse word kirkja for church. Ormr may have been a Viking who settled here, became a Christian and founded the church but there are no other records or archaeological evidence to support this and Ormr’s identity is unknown.

There is no reference to Ormskirk in the Domesday Book of 1086, but it has been suggested that it may have been part of Lathom at that time. In about 1189, the lord of Lathom granted the church of Ormskirk to Burscough Priory, which does suggest that Ormskirk had been subordinate to Lathom before that date

MANOR of ORMSKIRK.

About 1189 the church was given to the new priory of Burscough the description used, 'the church of Ormskirk with all its appurtenances”, suggests that there was a rectory manor, subordinate to Lathom, but having distinct limits which probably coincided with those of the present township. 

In 1286 the canons obtained from the king and from Edmund, earl of Lancaster, the grant of a weekly market on Thursday at their manor or town of Ormskirk, and an annual fair, to continue for five days, commencing on the eve of the Decollation of St. John Baptist (29 August). They were to pay to the earl, by the hand of his bailiffs of Liverpool, a mark of silver every year, in lieu of the stallage or toll payable to the earl. 

An additional fair, on Whit Tuesday, was granted by Edward IV, in 1461

 

 

Burscough - Lancashire.

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Borsconge" .

Burscough developed originally as a small farming village on a low ridge above the West Lancashire Coastal Plain, and has Viking roots – Burh-skogr = fortress in the woods. Of early importance to the village was Burscough Priory, the ruins of which stand to the southwest of the current settlement. The priory formerly housed the tombs of the Earls of Derby, a prominent family in the region, which are now to be found in Ormskirk parish church.

 

THE PRIORY OF BURSCOUGH - Lancashire.

 

The Augustinian priory of Burscough was founded about 1190 by Robert son of Henry, lord of Lathom and Knowsley, and endowed with land in Burscough, the whole adjoining township of Marton, the advowsons of three churches—Ormskirk, Huyton, and Flixtdn — the chapel of St. Leonard of Knowsley, and all the mills on his demesne.  The presence of the prior of the Augustinian house at Norton, near Runcorn, as a witness, coupled with the fact that Knowsley was held of its patron, the constable of Chester, makes it not unlikely that the first canons of Burscough came from the Cheshire priory.  Simon, the founder's father-in-law, became a brother of the house. 

Hugh, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, confirmed the charter, as did his immediate successors, Geoffrey de Muschamp and William de Cornhill (in 1216),  and, finally, in 1228 Pope Gregory IX.  Gregory also gave the canons licence to celebrate the divine offices during a general interdict, and to admit those who desired it to burial in their church, saving the rights of their parish churches. No canon was to leave the house without licence except for a stricter rule. Difficulties had arisen with regard to Robert son of Henry's gift of Flixton church. During the episcopate of Geoffrey de Muschamp (1198-1208) the right of the priory to the advowson was disputed by Roger son of Henry, apparently the founder's brother, and Henry son of Bernard, probably a nephew, who claimed as the heirs of Henry son of Siward, the founder's father. An assize of darrein presentment being held, they obtained a verdict in their favour and presented Henry son of Richard [de Tarbock], which Richard was another brother of the founder.  Henry de Tarbock afterwards released his rights in the church to the canons subject to the payment to him of 2 marks a year during the tenure of the benefice by Andrew 'phisicus,' who was perhaps his vicar. He also promised his good offices in obtaining the appropriation of the church to the priory, which in case of success was to allow him a pension of 3 marks for life.  No appropriation took place, but either before or after the arrangement with Henry the canons secured a pension from the church.  Towards the end of the thirteenth century the advowson passed into the hands of Bishop Roger Longespée, who appropriated the church, about 1280 it is said, as a prebend in his cathedral. 

The canons were more successful in obtaining the appropriation of the other two churches whose advowson had been granted to them. Bishop William de Cornhill (1215-23), 'in consideration of their religion, honesty, and immoderate poverty,' gave them Ormskirk church, saving a competent vicarage.  A few, years later Alexander de Stavenby, his successor, granted Huyton church to the priory in proprios usus, the gift to take effect after the death of the rector in possession, when he reserved the right to ordain a vicarage.  It was not, however, until 1277 that a vicarage was ordained, with a portion taxed as worth ten marks. 


Eight years later the bishop, in view of the proximity of Ormskirk church to the priory, from which it was distant about three miles, consented that on the death or cession of the present vicar the canons should for the future be allowed to present one of their own number, being a priest and suitable.  On a subsequent vacancy the convent,' by negligence,' presented a secular priest, and in 1339 thought it necessary to obtain a renewal of the privilege from Bishop Northburgh, ' in relief of the charges with which they are heavily burdened.  Henceforth down to the Reformation the vicar of Ormskirk was always a canon of the house. In the fifteenth century several canons held the vicarage of Huyton. Disputes between the priory and the vicars as to their portions were not thereby obviated. An episcopal inquiry was held in 1340 on the petition of Alexander of Wakefield, vicar of Ormskirk;  a dispute with John Layet, vicar of Huyton, was settled by arbitration in 1387; and in 1461 Ralph Langley, vicar of Huyton, a canon of the house, secured a revision of his portion, which he alleged to be too small. 

Pope Boniface VIII in 1295 empowered the prior for the time being to nominate six of the canons, even if etate minores, provided they were over twenty years of age, to be promoted by any bishop to sacred orders and minister in them lawfully. On promotion to be priests they were to be allowed a full voice in filling up any vacancy in the office of prior—to which they might themselves be elected.  The same pope granted a general confirmation of the priory's privileges in 1300. 

A few years before the prior and convent had bestowed borough rights on their town of Ormskirk,  and obtained (in 1286) from Edward I and Edmund of Lancaster a grant of a market and five days' fair there.  The grant and other gifts were confirmed by Edward II when at Upholland on 19 October, 1323.  In virtue of its market rights the priory claimed to take fines for breach of the assize of bread and ale; this led to friction with the officers of Henry, earl of Lancaster, who in 1339 conceded the privilege for an annual payment of 6s. 8d

A curious episode in the history of the priory is the indictment in 1347 of Thomas of Litherland, then prior, for alleged participation in the lawless proceedings of Sir John de Dalton, who on Good Friday in that year, assisted by many Lancashire men, violently abducted Margery, widow of Nicholas de la Beche, from her manor of Beams, in Wiltshire, killing two persons and injuring others, though the king's own son Lionel, keeper of the realm in the king's absence abroad, was staying there.  A number of Lancashire gentlemen came forward and declared that the prior was innocent. On their bond he was admitted to bail, and seems to have satisfactorily disproved the charge as he retained his office for nearly forty years. 

It was during his priorship that a benefaction intended to extend university education was diverted to the priory and its church of Huyton. John de Winwick (d. 1360), a Lancashire man who enjoyed the favour of Edward III, and held the rectory of Wigan and treasurership of York, 'desiring to enrich the English church with men of letters,' left an endowment including the advowson of Radcliffe on Soar for a new college at Oxford, whose scholars were to study canon and civil law, and, on becoming bachelors or doctors, to lecture on these subjects.  Difficulties arose, however, not perhaps unconnected with the refusal of the pope to sanction an appropriation of Radcliffe church; permission was obtained to transfer the endowment to Oriel College, but ultimately, twenty years after the testator's death (1380), his executors got a licence from Richard II to alienate the advowson of Radcliffe to Burscough Priory,  and in the following year Alexander Neville, archbishop of York, allowed its appropriation to relieve the poverty of the house caused by the pestilence, bad seasons, and other misfortunes, and to increase divine worship by the foundation of a chantry for two priests in Huyton church.  The chantry was established in 1383, the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield fixing the stipend of each chaplain at 10 marks.  The surplus revenuesof the rectory (from which a vicar's portion had already been set aside) yielded a small annual income to the priory. 

A somewhat mysterious letter of Pope Urban, dated November, 1386, refers to certain unknown 'sons of iniquity' who were concealing and detaining the lands and goods of the monastery, and orders the abbot of Chester to enjoin restitution on pain of excommunication.  Possibly the persons in question had taken advantage of the political disturbances of that year.

Boniface IX granted a relaxation of four years and four quadragenes penance to penitents who on St. Nicholas's Day should visit and give alms for the conservation of the church of the priory. 

A scandal which came to light in 1454 affords a curious glimpse into the state of the house at that date. Charges of divination, sortilege, and black art were brought against the prior, Robert Woodward, one of the canons, Thomas Fairwise, and the vicar of Ormskirk, William Bolton, who is described as late canon of the priory. An episcopal investigation revealed strange doings. One Robert, a necromancer, had undertaken for £10 to find hidden treasure. After swearing secrecy on the sacrament of bread they handed it over in the pyx to Robert. Three circuli trianguli were made, in each of which one of them stood, the vicar having the body of Christ suspended at his breast and holding in his hand a rod, doubtless a diviner's rod. The story ends here, but all three denied that any invocation of demons or sacrifice to them had taken place. Bishop Boulers suspended them for two years, from the priestly office and from receiving the sacraments except in articulo mortis.  Bolton was deprived of his vicarage and the prior had to resign.  In a few months the bishop removed the suspension in their case, but they did not recover their positions. The ex-prior was allowed a pension of 10 marks, with a 'competent chamber' in the priory, and as much bread, beer, and meat as fell to the share of two canons. 

The election of a prior always needed confirmation by the diocesan,  but the range of choice in a small house was limited. Half a century later another scandal occurred, apparently more serious, for Prior John Barton suffered deprivation (1511) instead of being allowed to resign. The nature of his offences is not disclosed, but that the priory was not in a healthy state is evident from the fact that the bishop preferred a canon of Kenilworth, a house of the same order, to the vacant office. 

As the income of the priory was less than £200 it was dissolved under the Act of February, 1536. It then contained only five canons (including the prior), all of whom were priests.  One had been reported by Legh and Layton, the visitors of the previous year, as guilty of incontinence.  At first only one expressed a desire to continue in religion, but the others seem afterwards to have changed their minds. The church and other buildings were found to be 'in good state and plight.' The Earl of Derby was anxious to save the church, in which many of his family lay buried.  His intention was to find a priest there at his own cost ' to do divine service for the souls of his ancestors and the ease and wealth of the neighbours.' But he complained that the king's commissioners valued not only the glass and bars in the windows and the paving, but all other goods at a higher price than ' they be well worth,' and his plan fell through. In November, 1536, during the disturbances of the Pilgrimage of Grace, he urged delay in pulling down and melting the lead and bells as 'in this busy, world it would cause much murmur.' 

The priory was dedicated to St. Nicholas, and its first endowment by Robert son of Henry consisted of three churches and a plough-land, comprising part of Burscough township (including the hamlet of Ormskirk) and the vill of Marton.  In the next century Robert de Lathom gave a fourth part of the township of Dalton, near Wigan,  and a large number of small rents and parcels of land were added chiefly by the leading local families in the surrounding district.  In 1283, for instance, Henry de Lathom, lord of Tarbock, gave a place called Ridgate, which Richard son of Henry his ancestor had originally set apart for the use of lepers, but which the parishioners had diverted to their own use.  The only property of the house north of the Ribble was at Ellel, a little south of Lancaster.  These temporalities were estimated in the valuation for the tenth made in 1534-5 to be worth £56 1s. 4d. a year.  The three rectories of Ormskirk, Huyton, and Radcliffe-on-Soar yielded an income of £73, and the net revenue of the house after fixed charges had been deducted was stated to be £80 7s. 6d. The new survey made at the Dissolution raised it to £122 5s. 7d Inter alia the Commissioners disallowed a fixed charge of £7 for alms distributed yearly for the souls of Henry de Lathom and his ancestors. The buildings with the bells and lead were valued at £148 10s., the movable goods at £230 3s. 4d.  Debts due to the house amounted to £40 6s. 8d., but it owed rather more than double that sum. The site and demesne lands were granted to Sir William Paget on 28 May, 1547. 

 

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Borsconge" .

Priors of Burscough.

Henry,  probably first prior, occurs between 1189 and 1198
William,  occurs before 1199
Geoffrey,  occurs before 1229
Benedict,  occurs 1229 and 1235
William,  occurs 1245
Nicholas,  occurs between 1260 and 1272
Warm,  occurs between 1272 and 1286
Richard,  occurs 1303
John of Donington,  occurs 1322-44
Thomas of Litherland,  occurs 1347-83, resigned 1385
John of Wrightington,  elected 1385, died 1406 or 1407
Thomas [of] Ellerbeck,  elected 16 February, 1406-7, died before May, 1424
Hugh Rainford,  election confirmed May, 1424, died before July, 1439
Robert Woodward,  election confirmed July 1439, resigned 4 October, 1454
Henry Olton,  elected 28 February, 1454-5, died before 9 October, 1457
Richard Ferryman,  elected before 9 October, 1457, occurs down to 1478
Hector Scarisbrick,  occurs 1488, died 1504
John Barton,  election confirmed 6 December, 1504, deprived 1511
Robert Harvey,  preferred 12 May, 1511, on 'just deprivation' of Barton, died before 17 April, 1535
Hugh Huxley,  election confirmed 17 April, 1535, surrendered 1536, buried at Ormskirk, 1558.

The seal of the priory was round, and bore a representation of the south front of the monastery buildings with the roof and tower of the church, rising above them.

On each side of the tower is a six-pointed star with the Legend:—   + SIGILLVM SANCTI NICHOLAI DE BVRCASSGVHE

 

WRIGHTINGTON - Lancashire.

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Wrightington" .

Boar's Den, thought to be a Bronze Age round barrow, is relatively undisturbed and consists of an earth and stone mound 73 yards (66.5m) (E/W) by 68 yards (62m) (N/S) with a maximum height of 8 feet (2.5m) that suffered some plough damage in the past and is now used only as grazing land. If this round barrow were not marked on a map, despite being fairly extensive, it might be missed on the ground, mistaken as a natural lump in the middle of the field.

In 1691, the first church in Wrightington was built. The curate, Jonathan Scholefield, ejected from Douglas Chapel, Parbold, in 1662 for his Puritan beliefs, found refuge at Tunley, where a group of Presbyterians started meeting regularly for worship at South Tunley Hall, the home of Thomas and Elizabeth Wilson. Twenty-two years after his death in 1667, the passing of the Toleration Act (1689) allowed dissenters to worship openly. For the free exercise of their Divine worship, Thomas Wilson of "Tunley within Wrightington " erected a chapel for Protestants dissenting from the Church of England. About a century later the congregation became Unitarian before the building was given to the Scottish Presbyterians. It now belongs to the Presbyterian Church of England. The original church building is believed to be the oldest building in England that was built as a Presbyterian church.

St. James the Great was built in 1857 by  E. G. Paley for the services of the Church of England. In November 2000, to commemorate the millennium, a new stained glass window was added combining traditional imagery and contemporary elements. The church is set in lovely countryside, commanding views stretching from Southport to the Lake District. The central theme, the Nativity of Jesus, is surrounded by finely drawn landscapes and well known buildings from the surrounding area: the famous Wrightington Hospital, the church and the 400-year-old Heskin School.

Founded before 1893, the Carr House Lane  Primitive Methodist Church was an early 19th-century (1807) secession from the Wesleyan Methodist church. It was particularly successful in evangelising agricultural and industrial communities at open meetings. In 1932, the Primitive Methodists joined with the Wesleyan Methodists and the United Methodists to form the Methodist Church of Great Britain. The chapel is now closed.

Fairhurst Hall was at one time a place of worship for Roman Catholicism and a priest had been maintained at Wrightington Hall from the 1680s and a private chapel dedicated to St. Joseph was provided for the family, tenantry and employees until the building of St. Joseph's in 1892 by Charles Clifton Dicconson.

 

Wrightington Hall.

 

For several centuries, Wrightington Hall was the home of the Wrightington family, who are said to have been descended from Fitz Orm, the son of Orm, a powerful noble in this part of Lancashire in the 12th century, credited with the founding of the Church of St Peter and St Paul,  Ormskirk's Parish Church.

When Sir Edward Wrightington died in 1658, his heir, Hugh Dicconson, erected a very fine tomb for Sir Edward in St Wilfred's Parish Church, Standish.

Two of Hugh Dicconson's sons, William and Roger, became Roman Catholics and were implicated in a plot to overthrow the government of the day under William III and Mary II and bring back the exiled King James II.

William, along with several other Catholic Lancastrians, was put on trial in Manchester for treason in 1694. They were acquitted for lack of sufficient evidence to convict them. However, immediately afterwards, William fled to France to join James II in exile, where he was appointed "governor" (tutor) to Bonnie Prince Charlie, and his wife became "Maid of Honour" to the exiled Queen, Mary of Modena.

William's brother, Roger, was living at Wrightington Hall and supported the Old Pretender in the abortive 1715 rebellion. Surprisingly, the estate did not suffer for his part in it.

The hall was then a typical Tudor manor house gabled and half-timbered on a stone base. This ancient hall, which formed the north wing of the present hall, was partly destroyed by fire in the early part of the last century and was demolished around 1929 when the current nurses home annexe was constructed.

The present hall was built in 1748 and modified in 1860. It was eventually bought by Lancashire County Council in 1918 for £16,473 with the purpose of turning it into a TB hospital.

The estate also came up for sale on 26 August 1921.

 

MAWDESLEY - Lancashire.

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Maudsley" .

 

 

The name Mawdesley is thought to have originated in the reign of Edward I (1272–1308). The suffix 'ley' describes a field, meadow or clearing. Records show that a manor existed in 1250 AD on the site of the present Mawdesley Hall.

Mawdesley Hall is a small hall, situated on a back road leading into the village. It was built by William Mawdesley in 1625, but altered towards the end of the 18th century 

 

Newburgh - Lancashire.

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Newburrow" .

Newburgh is a rural village and civil parish in Lancashire, England, 3 miles (5 km) from Skelmersdale and 5 miles (8 km) from Ormskirk.

Newburgh's history can be traced back to 1304 when a licence was granted to start a weekly market.

Newburgh is twinned with the town of Newburgh, IndianaUnited States.

 

 

Croston and the Isle of Man Farmlands - Lancashire.

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Crawston and the Ile of man" .

 

Croston began in the 7th century when St. Aidan arrived at the riverside settlements. In the absence of a church, a cross was erected as a place of worship. Croston literally means 'cross-town' and is derived from the two Old English words 'cross' and 'tun' (town/homestead/village). The name is unique as there are no other Crostons in the UK.

Centuries ago the parish of Croston was far larger than it is today. It included Chorley, Much Hoole,  Rufford,  Bretherton,  Mawdesley,  Tarleton,  Hesketh Bank, Bispham,  Walmer Bridge and Ulnes Walton. These became independent parishes as a result of a series of separations between 1642 and 1821. A charter granted by Edward I in 1283 permitted an annual medieval fair and market to be held on the village green. Pre 20th Century maps also depict a castle which is believed to have been of a wooden construction because there is no evidence of a stone structure.[

Croston Hall was built by the De Trafford family and was the manor house to the village of Croston. The hall was demolished in the 1960s. The family were Roman Catholics, and employed Edward Welby Pugin to design a family chapel in the grounds of the house in 1857. It is a small building constructed of rock-faced sandstone, and is in eclectic Gothic style. It was left to the people of Croston on the death of the last De Trafford in the 1960s.

The parish church is dedicated to St Michael, and is a Grade II* listed building. It appears to be based on a 15th-century design, but was reworked in the 16th century, and altered in the 17th. A partial rebuilding took place in the 18th century, and it was substantially altered in the 19th century. It consists of a nave and chancel with north and south aisles, mostly built of red sandstone with stone tiles.

Croston Old School is a Grade II listed building which originates from 1660, but was substantially rebuilt in 1827, when the work was funded by subscriptions. Date stones commemorating both the original build and the rebuild are evident in the first floor wall. It is located within the churchyard in the centre of the village at the end of Church Street and next to the church building.

 

 

The Isle of Man Farmlands lands near the village of Croston Lancashire.

In the Will of Myles Standish - "Crawston and the Ile of man" .

 

Map year 1577  Saxton.

 

The Isle of Man Farmlands lands near the village of Croston have been known as such over many generations.

The lands lie in the Croston Finney and were known as the Isle of Man because for 11 month out of each year they were only accessible by rowing boat.

Thus this was a local nickname given to the lands (Isle of Man) in Lancashire  within the life time of Myles Standish.

A farm was built on these lands when the Croston Finney was drained and the farm was named the Isle of Man farm after the land it was built upon.

The Croston Finney was connected to great Mere of Lancashire and both were drained by Victorian engineers to allow the lands to be used for farming.

Many ancient documents relating to the Croston Finney can be found in the Lancashire Archives.

Standish family records show land ownership of land on the Manor of Croston and one branch of the family actually lived on the Manor of Croston.

 

Year 1661 Lancashire Archives.

 

Year 1873 Lancashire Archives.

 

 

Year - 1577 - Map indicates the close proximity of the Manor of Duxbury to the Lands in the Will of Myles Standish.